Chicago, Milwaukee or Sheboygan. After the railroad link from New York to Chicago was complete by 1852, immigrants could also choose the speedier but more costly iron horse. Fares Transatlantic fares were relatively cheap at the time of the Great Migration and they became even cheaper after the Civil War.36 Fares varied, of course, with demand, sea son of the year, and destination (New York was cheapest and New Orleans most The Maasdam [2] of the NASM at the Koningshaven in Rotterdam, circa 1890. She was capable to accommo date 90 first class passengers, 52 second class passengers and 694 'between decks' passengers Gemeentelijke Archiefdienst Rotterdam). expensive because the trip there was ten to twenty days longer). In the 1840s, Rotterdam to New York fares averaged $14 35) for a third class ticket in steerage, the infamous 'between decks' (tussendeks).11 Fares were comparable at other conti nental ports. Liverpool was the lowest at $12, but the fare from Rotterdam was $4 and the trip by ship and rail took ten more days. In addition, emigrants had to provide their own food during the voyage (about $8 per person), and pay the transport and lodging costs to reach their European departure port, where occasional delays in sailings might add to the expense. It took three to four days, for example, to reach Rotterdam from Groningen and the fare was 1.25. Once in Rotterdam, shipping companies allo wed ticketed passengers to live free on the ship until sailing. Upon arrival in America many newcomers faced an inland trip of several weeks before reaching their final destination. In the 1840s the Hudson River steamer to Albany cost 25 cents and the Erie Canal fare was $7-8. A Lake Erie steamer from Buffalo to Detroit cost $4, with an additional $5-6 fare to traverse lakes Huron and 26 ZEEUWSE EMIGRATIE NAAR AMERIKA 1840-1920

Tijdschriftenbank Zeeland

Nehalennia | 1997 | | pagina 28